European gas markets

The source for financial, economic, and alternative datasets, serving investment professionals.European Gas Markets Profile Chapter 2 - Gas Market Infrastructure.Natural gas marketing may be defined as the selling of natural gas.Producer marketers are those entities generally concerned with selling their own natural gas production, or the production of their affiliated natural gas production company.

Report on Implementation of NC CAM 27-Oct-2016 One year after the application date of the Network Code on Capacity Allocation Mechanisms (NC CAM), the Agency published an Implementation Monitoring Report.Marketing companies, whether affiliated with another member of the natural gas industry or not, can vary in size and the scope of their operations.Prior to the deregulation of the natural gas commodity market and the introduction of open access for everyone to natural gas pipelines, there was no role for natural gas marketers.However, in the natural gas market, the largest volume of trading occurs in the last week of every month.These contracts are used primarily when both the supply and demand for the specified amount of natural gas are unlikely to change or drop off.

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European gas markets will last longer than consensus expects and present a challenge for oil-linked gas producers and mid-stream players.

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Top-level management is responsible for setting guidelines and risk limitations for the marketing operations, and it is up to the risk management team to ensure that traders comply with these directives.

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In fact, the first marketers were a direct result of interstate pipelines attempting to recoup losses associated with long term contracts entered into as a result of the oversupply problems of the early 1980s.Physical trading contracts are negotiated between buyers and sellers.

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In addition, both parties generally agree not to end the agreement due to market price movements.Similarly, a marketer who plans on selling natural gas in the spot market for the next month may be worried about falling prices, and can use a variety of financial instruments to hedge against the possibility of natural gas being worth less in the future.There are basically five different classifications of marketing companies: major nationally integrated marketers, producer marketers, small geographically focused marketers, aggregators, and brokers.Price regulation at all levels of this supply chain left no place for others to buy and sell natural gas.

Speculators, on the other hand, assume greater risk in order to profit off of changes in the price of natural gas.On average, most natural gas can have three to four separate owners before it actually reaches the end-user.Trading in the physical market involves a certain degree of risk.Operating on the automotive market, we set the highest quality and innovation standards with our solutions.

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Under this type of contract, both the buyer and seller agree that neither party is obligated to deliver or receive the exact volume specified.The European natural gas market is characterized by declining indigenous resources, particularly in the UK and the Netherlands, and a growing dependence on.

In the European market, we expect lower gas prices and potentially increased volatility in.Statements by Iranian officials on...Citygates at major metropolitan centers can offer another point at which natural gas is priced.However, electronic bulletin boards and e-commerce trading sites are allowing more physical transactions to take place over the internet.They simply act as facilitators, bringing buyers and sellers of natural gas together.Institutional developments and market forces are combining to produce a.Like all commodity markets, the inherent volatility of the price of natural gas requires the use of financial derivatives to hedge against the risk of price movement.

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Get the latest Europe Markets news, analysis and video updates from MarketWatch.NATURAL GAS PRICING AND ITS FUTURE EUROPE AS THE BATTLEGROUND ANTHONY J. MELLING. contribution to the larger body of knowledge on European gas markets, and their.

It is natural gas marketers that ensure a liquid, transparent market exists for natural gas.To get the price of natural gas on a specific day, it is the spot market price that is most informative.According to analysts, the presence of American liquified natural gas in Europe would not pose a.Brokers are a unique class of marketers in that they never actually take ownership of any natural gas themselves.About 30 percent of the top natural gas marketers were originally affiliated with producers, and entities formed from large volume natural gas consumers comprise 6 percent.

Smaller marketers target particular geographic areas, and specific natural gas markets.Natural gas is sold as a commodity, much like pork bellies, corn, copper, and oil.While great profits may be made if the expectations of a speculator prove correct, great losses may also be incurred if these expectations are wrong.In order to more fully understand the role and function of natural gas marketers, it is helpful to have an understanding of the basics of natural gas markets.Basic types of derivatives include futures, options, and financial swaps.

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